Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Hexapoda, Class Insecta
In this order there are the most know social insects and honey bees are among the very few domestic species. Many of them pollinators, vital for the reproduction of food plants. The females ovipositor in the "workers" is often modified into a stinger.
Suborder Apocrita Super family Apoidea (sucking mouth, tongue)
Suborder Apocrita Super families Chalcidoidea, Chrysidoidea, Ichneumonoidea
Suborder Apocrita Super family Vespoidea (biting mouth, jaws)
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Apoidea Families Andrenidae, Halictidae, Megachilidae
Mining bees are solitary, ground-nesting bees and the only genus Andrena includes over 1300 species. In the family there are also some crepuscular species.
It is the second-largest family of bees, with various sizes and colours. They are commonly referred to as "sweat bees" (especially the smaller species), as they are often attracted to perspiration.
Carder bees, resin bees are solitary bees, that are characteristic for carrying in the ventral surface of the abdomen. A few species are called "cuckoo bees"), as they feed on pollen collected by other megachilid bees.
Order Hymenoptera Ancient Greek hymen = membrane + pteron = wing
91 families, 150,000 described species
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Apoidea Families Sphecidae, Crabronidae
With therir a very distinctive thread-waisted body, they are commonly called "wasps", but from a scientific point of view they are part of the same super family of bees.
With at least 5700 species, the family includes honey bees, bumblebees carpenter bees, orchid bees, cuckoo bees Many are valuable pollinators in natural habitats and for agricultural crops.
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Apoidea Families Apidae
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Apoidea Family Apidae
From Greek khalkos = copper', for their metallic colour, most of them are parasitoids of other insects, attacking the egg or larval stage of their host,
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Super families Chalcidoidea, Chrysidoidea, Ichneumonoidea
Most of them are parasitoids or cleptoparasites of other insects and the adults have often small size and flashy metallic colors.
From Greek ikhneúmōn = tracker +, from íkhnos = footstep, they are big parasitoid wasps (but not true wasps). Species show a great deal of morphological diversity and some females have extremely long ovipositors for laying eggs.
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Vespoidea Familiy Formicidae
They are easily identified by their distinctive node-like structure and their slender waists. Ants have colonised almost every landmass on Earth and their societies have division of labour, communication between individuals and an ability to solve complex problems, with fascinating parallels to human societies.
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Vespoidea Families Mutillidae, Pompilidae, Scoliidae
Scoliid wasps are solitary parasitoids of scarab beetle larvae. Som of tthem arevery large, upr 5 cm, called for this mammoth wasp..
Spider wasps are solitary, efficient flight, and are best distinguished from other vespoid wasps in having long antennae and (in most species) a transverse groove bisecting the thorax above the point where the legs join.
Their common name velvet ants refers to their pile of hair, often bright scarlet or orange, but also black, white, silver, or gold, as "aposematic" signals.The stings of some species are extremely painful. Unlike true ants, they are solitary insects.
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Vespoidea Familiy Vespidae
The family includes social wasps and solitary wasps.They make their nest out of mud, or of a sort of paper, chewing plant fibers. In the Polistinae and Vespinae, rather than consuming them directly, prey are premasticated and fed to the larvae, which in return, produce a nutritious liquid for the adults to consume.
Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Symphyta
The common name Sawflies comes from the saw-like ovipositor, which the females use into the plants where they lay their eggs. The adults do not sting and lack a "wasp waist". Larvae look like caterpillars, sometimes with almost fluorescent colors, which we can distinguish from Lepidoptera from the number of prolegs, that in butteflies and moth are never more than 5.
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They like wasps, but are part of the superfamily Apoidea (formerly they were included with Sphecidae in the now-defunct superfamily Sphecoidea).